In a previous lesson, you learned how to read a voltage,
as seen (or sampled) by the Arduino. This lesson will show you how to read a voltage,
as generated by a potentiometer, then construct a linear function of the
form $y=mx+b$ to scale it to the screen.
Now you try. Scale the voltage from the potentiometer to fill the entire plot area!
Type your code here:
See your results here:
Wire up this circuit, using the potentiometer ("po-ten-tee-ah-meter"). Run the above code, and turn
the potentiometer along its full range of motion. You should see the values change from 0 to 5 Volts.
So the angular position of the knob of the potentiometer can split the +5V from the Arduino into
any fractional voltage, from 0 to +5V. (It is called a "voltage divider" in this circuit.)
Next, change the above code to
for x=1,100 do
v = analogread(A0)
y = v
This will plot the voltage of the potentiometer vs. the variable x, which runs from 1 to 100. But notice
when you turn the knob, the graph stays kind of small; it doesn't fill the while screen. No good!
The screen goes from about -200 to 200 in the vertical dimension. So, figure out a function of the form
$y=mx+b$ that will scale 0 Volts to position -200 and 5 Volts to position 200. Fill your function into
the line of the code y = v. When you run the code again and turn the potentiometer, you should see the dots
now fill up the screen! What a great use of a linear function!
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