Telling you what a Cellular Automatum (CA) is would take way to much room here. We'll at least try thought: In short, an automatum is a set of rules
that operate on "cells," which in this case are pixels. The rules dictate how an initial configuration of cells (or pixels)
are to "evolve" into future generations. CAs are known to evolve into sometime boring, but sometimes rather
complex and unusual patterns, all from a single pixel.
In the case here, we'll turn on a single cell, or pixel, at position $(50,0)$. Then, we'll go down to $y=1$ (the next row) and see how
it should appear, given the single pixel on the row above it at $(50,0)$. After the $y=1$ row is done, we'll go to $y=2$, and draw
it, based on how the $y=1$ row came out. So an automatum is a massively recursive graphic. Each row depends on the row above it, all
starting with a single pixel.
To determine if a pixel, say at $(x,y)$, should be turned on or off, we look to pixels in the previous row, at positions $(x-1,y-1)$, $(x,y-1)$, and $(x+1,y-1)$.
CA "Rule 90," which is implemented here, says to turn on pixel $(x,y)$ if the three pixels in the row above it are either off-off-on, off-on-on, on-off-off, or on-on-off.
If the three are in any other state, the pixel at $(x,y)$ is to be off.
We'll leave learning more about them to you. We really like this page
For now, here's an implementation of "Rule 90." Note the single pixel turned on at $(50,0)$ evolves into an interesting mix of nested triangles!